Within the continent of North America however well known as part of Central America. It has borders to Mexico in the north, Belize northeast, Honduras in the southeast and El Salvador south. It has a Pacific coastline to the southwest, and a tiny piece of Caribbean coastline to the east.
Guatemala has a rich and distinctive culture from the long mix of elements from Spain and the native Maya people. This diverse history and the natural beauty of the land have created a destination rich in interesting and scenic sites.
- Guatemala City – Capital and largest city with many amenities
- Antigua – Colonial Spanish capital of Central America, a World Heritage site, and the most popular among tourists
- Flores – Island capital of Petén, good starting point to access Mayan ruins of Tikal
- Monterrico – The beach closest to Guatemala City and Antigua, volcanic sand
- Rio Dulce – Known as “a ‘one of a kind’ ecological and cultural heritage for humanity”
Mayan ruins to investigate
- El Mirador – massive early Maya site, perhaps the cradle of Maya civilization. Still being uncovered and studied; less developed for visitors than the other largest Maya sites
- Tikal – for the Star Wars fan but more importantly, long considered the largest of the Maya ruins
- Aguateca – some of the best-preserved Mayan ruins in Guatemala where you are more likely to encounter archaeologists at work than tourists with cameras